Project-Based Learning: Theory, Impact, and Effective Implementation

Aaron Adair , Lei Bao

Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, United States
*Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received: 2011-10-10 / Accepted: 2012-1-6 / Published: 2012-3-30

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Abstract This paper reviews the literature on the teaching methodology of project-based learning (PBL), covering its characteristics, inception, and the results from implementation. From the existing research, PBL is found to be an effective instructional paradigm compared to traditional teaching methods. A collection of issues for effective implementation of PBL is constructed bearing in mind both what is best for creating educated and formal reasoning citizens and what should be done to avoid PBL from degenerating into less effective paradigms. Several tests are suggested for investigating the qualities of a given implementation of PBL, notably in the context of physics. ©

Research Areas: Research methodology