Alignment Between Physics Curriculum Standard and High School Physics Exit Examination in China: A Comparison among Guangdong, Ningxia, Shandong, and Hainan Provinces

Yuying Guo , Tao Xing , Guiqing Xu , Chaoyang Zheng

Physics department, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, Beijing , China
*Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received: 2012-5-5 / Accepted: 2012-10-12 / Published: 2012-12-30

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Abstract In order to find out if the physics achievement qualifying examination reflect the main contents of physics curriculum standards and the direction of the curriculum reform, this study compares the alignment between the physics curriculum standard of senior high school in China and physics achievement qualifying examination in Guangdong, Ningxia, Shandong and Hainan provinces. The results based on the Porter alignment method indicate that all the alignment between curriculum standard and test papers in the four provinces are very low, with the Porter alignment index range from 0.25 to 0.38, due to a shift toward higher cognitive level from curriculum standard to exams and the focus of the exam contents in mechanics. Although the experimental inquiry and physics history are paid attention to in all these test papers, no PTS (physics-technology-society) and physics ideas and methods are reflected in these papers at all. How to test these aspects, which are important contents in the new physics curriculum, remains to further research.

Research Areas: Assessment