A Comparison between Public School Teachers and Remedial Class Teachers’ Attitude toward Physics Learning

By  Yubin Xu, Zixin Xiao, Guangtian Zhu
Received: 2021-4-28 / Accepted: 2021-9-23 / Published: 2021-10-30
PDF Main Manuscript (640.79 KB)  DOI: https://doi.org/10.37906/real.2021.4
Abstract Many students in east-Asian countries study physics in not only public schools but also remedial classes. We survey 42 school teachers and 41 remedial class teachers with the Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (CLASS). In this paper, we discuss the CLASS results from the two types of physics teachers. We also demonstrate the possible factors that attribute to the school teachers and remedial class teachers’ significant different attitudes toward problem-solving confidence. [More...]

STEAM Course Development and Design based on Design Thinking: A Case Study on “Self-induction Demonstrator”

By  Zhi Li, Yaxi Zhang, Meiqi Yu, Yue Zhang, Xinyu Wang, Zhemin Wu, Li Xie
Received: 2021-9-4 / Accepted: 2021-12-7 / Published: 2021-12-16
PDF Main Manuscript (643.3 KB)  DOI: https://doi.org/10.37906/real.2021.5
Abstract STEAM education is a new direction of education reform in the 21st century. It can cultivate students’ ability to creatively solve practical problems, integrate and apply interdisciplinary knowledge. It is an effective way to help students master the 21st century’s abilities. All countries spare no effort to let it be local Take root. The integration of design thinking and STEAM education provides a good opportunity for students' comprehensive and creative development. Therefore, we use the D. School design thinking model developed by Stanford University to develop a STEAM course based on design thinking to improve students' STEAM literacy and the skills and abilities that company needs for high-quality development. This STEAM course takes "Self-induction Demonstrator" as the project theme, including five steps: Empathize, Define, Ideal, Prototype, and Test. It aims to provide a reference paradigm for the design and implementation of the K-12 STEAM course, and promote the deep integration of science, technology, engineering, mathematics and art. [More...]

Learning Assessment Practices in Ethiopian Universities: Quests versus Upheavals

By  Firdissa J. Aga
Received: 2021-4-23 / Accepted: 2021-12-7 / Published: 2021-12-16
PDF Main Manuscript (332.22 KB)  DOI: https://doi.org/10.37906/real.2021.6
Abstract This study examined learning assessment practices in universities taking one Academic Unit in Addis Ababa University (AAU), Ethiopian as a case. A qualitative approach was employed to generate data from 20 instructors who were attending a capacity building training at the Academic Unit. Supplementary data were secured by reviewing literatures and guidelines. The results have shown that students’ mastery of the learning outcomes (LOs), and achievement of the criterion-referenced assessment requirements were not to the required level. As a result, there were practices of manipulations and invalid subversions of marks bay raising scores without changing the phenomena and without enhancing learning and behavioral change to learners. Moreover, there were no modules designed around competencies with explicit, measurable, and transferable LOs to be assessed. Consequently, the quests and expeditions inherent within the criterion-referenced assessment guidelines were unmet - resulting in matchless upheavals. It has, therefore, been recommended that conscious efforts should be made to make alignments and /or linkages among the salient elements that enhance students’ learning with understanding. [More...]

New curriculum standard, new concept, new pattern - Thinking and practice about construction of science museum in primary schools

By  Zhenqiang Wang, Mingna Jia
Received: 2021-5-24 / Accepted: 2021-12-14 / Published: 2021-12-18
PDF Main Manuscript (290.14 KB)  DOI: https://doi.org/10.37906/real.2021.7
Abstract Why build a "Science Museum" in primary school? How to develop and implement "Science Museum" project? In this paper, the practice of Group of Xiao Xiao Science and Engineering in the Science Museum of Primary School Attached to Nanjing Xiaozhuang University is taken as an example. The Science Museum introduces learning new curriculum standard, putting the new concept into practice, promotion the Science Museum with the Science and technology activities and science courses organic integration. At the same time, it also discusses how to develop the curriculum by relying on the Group of Xiao Xiao Science and Engineering. To promote the "little gentleman" system, Developing a new learning model of the Group of Xiao Xiao Science and Engineering. [More...]